Что представляет собой настоящее время в английском языке? Примеры предложений свидетельствуют о том, что к present относится не одно время, а целых четыре! Мы уже рассматривали с вами основные правила английского языка для настоящего времени. Сегодня больше сосредоточимся на примерах и дополнительных функциях каждого времени. Ведь что может быть лучше практики?Wink

Настоящее время в английском языке + примеры

1. Present Simple

 (+)

They often go_ to the country house (happens occasionally).

The plane takes off at 7.00 (schedule).

Tastes differ (well-known fact).

- )

They don't often go_ to the country house

The plane doesn't take_ off at 7.00

 (?)

Do they often go_ to the country house?

When does the plane take_ off?

 2. Present Continuous

 (+)

John is reading a book now (process happening at the moment of speech)

We are working in Paris this week (only this week, we do not do this usually)

I am eating out tonight (plan for the nearest future)

You are always saying this! (irritation)

 (-)

John isn't reading a book now

We aren't working in Paris this week

 (?)

What book is John reading now?

Are you eating out tonight?

 3. Present Perfect

 (+)

Linda has already seen this movie (result, past event is connected with present)

The children have lost their key (the result is seen in present)

She speaks English so well because she has been to London

 (-)

Linda hasn't seen this movie yet

The children haven't lost the key

 (?)

Has Linda already seen this movie?

Have you been to France?

 4. Present Perfect Continuous

 (+)

I have been working for N&B since 1999 (the process started in the past but still is going on now)

She has been looking for you since early morning.

(-)

I haven't been working since January.

She hasn't been speaking since 2 p.m.

 (?)

How long have you been working for our company?

Настоящее время в английском языке  и примеры для самоконтроля

Готовы проверить свои силы во временах present simple, present continuous, present perfect и present perfect continuous? Тогда попробуйте перевести следующие предложения на английский язык.CoolWinkEmbarassed

1. Мария готовит каждый день.

2. Мария готовит на этой неделе.

3. Я сегодня готовлю обед.

4. Ты всегда кладёшь так много соли в еду!

5. Она уже приготовила обед.

6. Ты когда-нибудь делала суши?

7. Мария готовит обед с 11.00.

8. Как долго Мария готовит обед?

 

Ответы

1. Mary cooks every day (present simple).

2. Mary is cooking this week (present continuous).

3. I am cooking dinner today (present continuous).

4. You are always putting so much salt into dishes! (present continuous)

5. She has already cooked dinner (present perfect).

6. Have you ever cooked sushi? (present perfect)

7. Mary has been cooking dinner since 11.00 (present perfect continuous)

8. How long has Mary been cooking dinner? (present perfect continuous)

 Если Вам нужен пробный урок по скайпу, заполните, пожалуйста, эту простую форму. Kiss